What is a Fungus Tree?
A fungus tree can be challenging to identify, but a few common characteristics are expected. The first sign is the development of a white hoof-shaped fruiting structure. This fruiting structure is formed by a fungus six to eight inches wide. These structures form in the spring and fall and eventually fall off and decay. The underside of the stand is brown with millions of tiny pores. The rhizomorphs can be pulled from the base of the tree. The plant is susceptible to decay when this happens.
The second sign of a fungus tree is the presence of a red-brown fungus called Oxyporus latemarginatus. This fungus grows on many plants, including spruce, pine, and oak. Symptoms of this disease include branch dieback, pale foliage, and a fermenting odor. Several species of trees are susceptible to this disease, including spruce.
First To Examine its Appearance
If you suppose that your tree has a fungus, it is first to examine its appearance. The affected area may be a brownish color with a cream-to-white margin. Affected trees are often dead, and an infected one should be removed from your property immediately. A fungus will cause the tree to become structurally weak. A diagnosis is best made in a professional arborist’s office.
The second sign of a fungus tree is an asymmetrical crown shape. The wood of internal parts of the trunk and root structure will begin to lose its strength. The limbs will die, and the trunk may also begin to sag. This leaves a ring-shaped crown. The asymmetrical crown may eventually lead the entire tree to topple in a strong wind. Fortunately, some solutions are available to help a fungus-infested tree.
Treating A Fungus Tree
When treating a fungus tree, it is essential to take the proper precautions. Unlike other fungi, the fungus itself is harmless, and there is no need to spray it on your tree. Nevertheless, it should not be left untreated. During a fungal infection, the tree’s wood is weakened, which may eventually fall. Besides, it can also lead to the limbs dying and even the entire trunk collapsing during storms.
A fungus tree can present several symptoms. A fungal tree will often look like a tree with flat mushrooms and fungal bodies. These are signs that the fungus is eating the wood of the fake tree. A rotting, infected tree will have a rounded or oval shape. The spores of a fungus will be the only signs of the infection. A spongy tree will be asymptomatic, while a fungus-infected one will require treatment.
Preventing A Fungus Disease
While preventing a fungus disease is complex, steps can control it. The tree should be grown in an area with good air circulation, pruned when necessary, and pruned according to the tree’s needs. A fungus-infected tree is an indicator of an unhealthy one. If it is not yet evident, it could signify a weakened tree.
Chytrids are the most common fungi and can be found on many different trees. They are filamentous and unicellular and have motile zoospores. Those with the disease can be spotted by inspecting the conks of the spores. Fortunately, there are fungicides available to treat this disease. If you see a conk, the fungus has a white fruiting body that is hard to miss.
Fungus Species Are Resistant
Luckily, most fungus species are resistant to a fungus tree infection. They rarely die but are still susceptible to a windy environment. A fungus tree that an infected fungus is not necessarily a good candidate for transplanting to another area. A healthy tree, however, is resilient to spores. It can be a pest of conifer plantations and weeds in other areas.
Symptoms of fungus trees are often apparent to the naked eye. They may show a slowed growth rate or exhibit other symptoms of fungus disease. Some of the most familiar signs include a cone or seed-set that appears on the trunk of a tree, tan to brown leaves, and wilting. This can cause the tree to die, and the resulting damage can spread to nearby plants.